|Year : 2023 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 564-566
Multimodal imaging in bilateral idiopathic choroidal folds
Shilpi Narnaware, Anju Bansal, Prashant Bawankule, Rakesh Nagdeve
Sarakshi Netralaya, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
|Date of Submission||15-Aug-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||09-Feb-2023|
|Date of Web Publication||28-Apr-2023|
Sarakshi Netralaya, Plot No. 19, Nagpur - 440 025, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Keywords: Choroidal folds, idiopathic, multimodal imaging
|How to cite this article:|
Narnaware S, Bansal A, Bawankule P, Nagdeve R. Multimodal imaging in bilateral idiopathic choroidal folds. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2023;3:564-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Narnaware S, Bansal A, Bawankule P, Nagdeve R. Multimodal imaging in bilateral idiopathic choroidal folds. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep [serial online] 2023 [cited 2023 Jun 6];3:564-6. Available from: https://www.ijoreports.in/text.asp?2023/3/2/564/374922
A 56-year-old female presented for a regular check-up. On examination, the best-corrected visual acuity in both eyes was 6/6. The anterior segment was within normal limits. Fundus examination showed choroidal folds at the macula in both eyes. Both eyes fundus photo, optical coherence tomography (OCT), retro, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), and B-scan were done.
Except for axial length, which was in the range of hypermetropia, i.e., 20.10 mm and 20.30 mm, no other positive findings (like lesion on computed tomography (CT) scan/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or systemic evaluation including thyroid profile) were seen which are suggestive of secondary choroidal folds.
On various imaging modalities, various findings were noted:
- Color fundus (CF) [Figure 1]a: Undulations of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) involving the macula
- OCT [Figure 1]b: Combined undulations of the retina, RPE, and choroid
- FAF [Blue – [Figure 2]a and Green - [Figure 2]b]: Alternate hypoautofluorescent and hyperautofluorescent bands
- Retro mode [Figure 2]c: Taut bands all over posterior pole
- Infrared (IR) [Figure 2]d: Taut bands all over posterior pole
- OCTA [Figure 3]a, [Figure 3]b, [Figure 3]c: Prominence of lines at choroid, chorio-capillaries, and outer retinal choroid complex was noted. At all levels, there was no evidence of any other underlying pathology
- B-scan [Figure 3]d: Wavy retino-choroidal complex was seen at the level of the macula
|Figure 1: (a and b) Color fundus photo and OCT of the right and left eye|
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|Figure 3: (a-c) OCTA at the level of chorio-capillaries, choroid, and ORCC. (d) B-scan|
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| Discussion|| |
Choroidal folds are the striae that predominantly involve the posterior pole of the fundus. These are usually arranged parallelly in a horizontal fashion and reflect the undulations of the choroid, RPE, and neurosensory retina. These lines vary in length and width and rarely extend beyond the equator.,,,
These lines can be idiopathic when no known cause is found,, or secondary to a variety of conditions ranging from benign conditions, i.e., acquired hyperopia, to inflammatory conditions, tumors, or post-surgery.,, Multimodal imaging like FAF (studies fluorophores), Retro mode (detects alterations of RPE), and IR imaging (images sub-retinal structures) which are non-invasive modalities unlike fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) helps in differentiating idiopathic from secondary folds without any need of further investigations.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]