|Year : 2023 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 198-199
Gonioscopy: The third eye of an ophthalmologist
Nikhil Agrawal, Jyoti Shakrawal, Kirti J Singh, Achala Ranawat, Kavita Bhatnagar, Seema Meena, Manjari Tandon
Department of Ophthalmology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
|Date of Submission||26-Jun-2022|
|Date of Acceptance||21-Sep-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||20-Jan-2023|
Room No 3116 AIIMS Academic Block, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Keywords: Gonioscopy, Foreign body, Angles
|How to cite this article:|
Agrawal N, Shakrawal J, Singh KJ, Ranawat A, Bhatnagar K, Meena S, Tandon M. Gonioscopy: The third eye of an ophthalmologist. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2023;3:198-9
|How to cite this URL:|
Agrawal N, Shakrawal J, Singh KJ, Ranawat A, Bhatnagar K, Meena S, Tandon M. Gonioscopy: The third eye of an ophthalmologist. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep [serial online] 2023 [cited 2023 Jun 1];3:198-9. Available from: https://www.ijoreports.in/text.asp?2023/3/1/198/368149
A 42-two-year-old male—a laborer by occupation—presented with chief complaints of foreign body sensation and conjunctival redness in the right eye. A month ago, the patient underwent ocular trauma while working at the construction site. He consulted a nearby vision center. The patient was managed conservatively on an antibiotic and steroid combination for four weeks but was later referred to a higher center due to persistent congestion. On examination, his visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes, but there was the presence of mild conjunctival congestion in the right eye. Intraocular pressure was 14 mmHg in both eyes. On slit-lamp evaluation, a self-sealed corneal perforation of 1.5 mm was noted in the right eye; Seidel's test was negative and the anterior chamber showed occasional cells and a solid creamy white lesion at the 6 o'clock position [Figure 1]a. Anterior segment examination of the left eye was within normal limits. Fundus examination was also unremarkable in both eyes. X-ray orbit showed the presence of a foreign body [Figure 1]. However, the exact location could not be determined. Therefore, a gonioscopy of the right eye was performed, which revealed a suspicious foreign body lodged in the inferior angle [Figure 1]b. The findings were confirmed on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) [Figure 1]c. On surgical exploration, a metallic foreign body of 2.5 mm in largest diameter was retrieved from the inferior angle [Figure 1]e.
|Figure 1: (a) Solid, creamy, white mass lesion at 6 o'clock position (arrow) and self-sealed corneal perforation (arrowhead) seen on slit-lamp evaluation. (b) Foreign body seen in inferior angles on gonioscopy. (c) Foreign body visualized on anterior segment OCT (arrow). (d) Foreign body detected on X-ray (arrow). (e) Intraoperative photograph of metallic foreign body retrieved from the angle|
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| Discussion|| |
Penetrating ocular trauma is a potentially vision-threatening injury, and retained intraocular foreign bodies often pose a significant challenge to the treating ophthalmologist., If undetected, they may present with persistent or recurrent inflammation in the eye. Our case is unique as the foreign body was diagnosed only after one month with the help of gonioscopy.,
Besides, radiological investigations like X-ray, ancillary investigations, gonioscopy, ultrasound biomicroscopy, and ASOCT should be done in suspected cases to rule out any retained foreign bodies in angles. These tests not only aid in diagnosing metallic and non-metallic foreign bodies but are also helpful in determining their exact location. However, among them also, gonioscopy is the cheapest and most readily available investigation.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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