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CASE REPORT
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 126-129

Isolated ocular motor nerve palsy associated with raised homocysteine: A prospective case series


Department of Ophthalmology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Jasmita Satapathy
Department of Ophthalmology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1327_22

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Ocular motor mono-neuropathies frequently occur from micro-vascular ischemia to the nerve in the presence of atherosclerotic risk factors such as old age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Other possible causes include trauma, intra-cranial neoplasm, aneurysm, inflammation, infection, and brainstem infarction. Recently, hyper-homocysteinemia has emerged as an independent risk factor for systemic and ocular vaso-occlusive disorders. Ocular pathologies such as retinal vascular occlusion and non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy have been found to be associated with mild hyper-homocysteinemia. This case series describes four patients with isolated third and sixth cranial nerve palsy where hyper-homosysteinemia was the only risk factor.


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