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CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 667-669

Mycotic keratitis due to rare fungal species Neoscytalidium: A case series


1 Cornea and Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India
2 Cornea and Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Former Cornea Fellow, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry; Consultant Lions Eye Hospital, Nanded, Maharashtra, India
4 Fellow Retina and Vitreous Services, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India
5 Microbiologist, Aravind Eye Hospital, Pondicherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neha Kabra
Siddhivinayak, Near Pokarna House, Naya Mondha, Nanded - 431 602, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_2937_21

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Neoscytalidium dimidiatum is a plant pathogen that rarely causes human infection. Very few cases of ocular infection have been reported. We report a case series of three patients who presented with keratitis caused by it. The culture showed effuse, white-to-grayish colonies with yellow-to-deep orange colony reverse. Chains of arthroconidia typical of Neoscytalidium were seen on staining with lactophenol cotton blue. Two patients responded to topical antifungal treatment while one needed therapeutic keratoplasty. Hence, early diagnosis and intensive antifungal treatment are essential for successful healing in mycotic keratitis caused by Neoscytalidium species.


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