|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 626
A rare case of circumferential peripheral vascular occlusion presenting with decompression retinopathy
Nikita J Sonawane1, Divya Yadav1, Bholesh B Ratna1, Kulharsh B Jaiswal2
1 Department of Retina, Aravind Eye Hospital, Thavalakuppam, Pondicherry, India
2 Department of Cornea, Aravind Eye Hospital, Thavalakuppam, Pondicherry, India
|Date of Web Publication||13-Apr-2022|
Nikita J Sonawane
Aravind Eye Hospital, Cuddalore Main Road, Thavalakuppam, Pondicherry - 605 007
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Sonawane NJ, Yadav D, Ratna BB, Jaiswal KB. A rare case of circumferential peripheral vascular occlusion presenting with decompression retinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022;2:626
|How to cite this URL:|
Sonawane NJ, Yadav D, Ratna BB, Jaiswal KB. A rare case of circumferential peripheral vascular occlusion presenting with decompression retinopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 18];2:626. Available from: https://www.ijoreports.in/text.asp?2022/2/2/626/342935
A 21-year-old girl presented 15 days post-blunt injury with pain in right eye (OD). The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/240 OD, 20/20 left eye (OS). On slit-lamp examination, the hyphema (2 mm) and intraocular pressure (IOP) – 44 mmHg were noted. Berlin's edema was noted. The OS was normal. Following anterior chamber (AC) wash, the vision improved to 20/80 with normal IOP. However, the fundus revealed multilayer hemorrhages with unusually sclerosed peripheral vessels in a well-demarcated circumferential pattern, better appreciated on fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) [Figure 1]. Detailed systemic investigations (hematologic, autoimmune, and gynecologic) ruled out thromboembolic risk factors. The final BCVA was 6/9 with sclerosed vessels. Decompression retinopathy presents as asymptomatic multilayer hemorrhages with the mean time to diagnosis of 1.5 ± 2.0 days., The proposed mechanisms include mechanical, vascular, and autoregulation alterations. It may later cause dysfunction in autoregulation due to IOP changes. Altered retinal autoregulation due to prolonged high IOP might be the possible cause of occlusion and rare association in this case.
|Figure 1: (a) OD fundus photo montage showing multilayered hemorrhages with 360° circumferential peripheral sclerosed vessels. (b) OD FFA showing blocked fluorescence suggestive for multilayer hemorrhages and peripheral filling defect s/o sclerosed vessels|
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Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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