|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 567-568
Iridoschisis - A rare form secondary angle-closure glaucoma
Anindita Pal, Aparna Rao
Glaucoma Services, Mithu Tulsi Chanrai Campus, L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
|Date of Submission||03-Jul-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||30-Nov-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||13-Apr-2022|
L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Mithu Tulsi Chanrai Campus, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha - 751 024
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Keywords: Iridoschisis, iris degeneration, secondary angle-closure glaucoma
|How to cite this article:|
Pal A, Rao A. Iridoschisis - A rare form secondary angle-closure glaucoma. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022;2:567-8
A 76-year-old male diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma since 8 years presented with reduced vision in the right eye. Slit-lamp examination revealed an irregularly shallow anterior chamber, peaked pupil inferotemporally in the right [Figure 1]a, and inferonasally in the left eye [Figure 1]b. There were scattered peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS) with diffuse iris stromal atrophy [Figure 2], which was more prominent inferiorly. Both eyes had irregularly scattered synechial angle closure on gonioscopy [Figure 3] with advanced glaucomatous disc damage.
|Figure 1: Slit-lamp picture of the right eye (a) represents scattered iris stromal splitting (black arrows denoting) with peaked pupil at 8 o'clock, left eye (b) reflects the same features (white arrow indicates the pupil peaking inferonasally)|
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|Figure 2: Magnified picture of right eye inferior quadrant, black arrows indicate diffuse atrophic patches and yellow arrow shows PAS with iris stromal splitting, well visualized in the inset with high magnification|
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|Figure 3: Gonioscopic view of right eye inferior angle (a) indicates peripheral anterior synechiae (white arrow marking), echoes same in anterior segment optical coherence tomographic B-scan of the right eye (b) inferior irido-corneal angle, the white arrow indicating a high synechia, the inset displaying the iris configuration|
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| Discussion|| |
Iridoschisis, a rare form of secondary angle-closure glaucoma, usually presents as bilateral, progressive diffuse stromal splitting (or schisis), which differentiates this from primary glaucoma.,, This should not be confused with other causes such as essential iris atrophy with ischemia and developmental glaucoma such as iridocorneal endothelial syndrome. Management of progressive angle closure and cornea change. Progressive synechial angle closure and corneal bullae may occur by direct contact with iris strands.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]