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 Table of Contents  
PHOTO ESSAY
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 563-564

Iceberg phenomenon of striate keratopathy


Department of Cataract and IOL, Aravind Eye Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission17-Jun-2021
Date of Acceptance24-Nov-2021
Date of Web Publication13-Apr-2022

Correspondence Address:
A Arut Priya
Department of cataract and IOL, Aravind eye hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1605_21

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  Abstract 


Keywords: Anterior segment OCT, Descemet's membrane, slit lamp examination, striate keratopathy


How to cite this article:
Priya A A, Saraswathy B, Narendran K. Iceberg phenomenon of striate keratopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022;2:563-4

How to cite this URL:
Priya A A, Saraswathy B, Narendran K. Iceberg phenomenon of striate keratopathy. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 26];2:563-4. Available from: https://www.ijoreports.in/text.asp?2022/2/2/563/342890



A 60-year-old female patient underwent right eye manual small-incision cataract surgery. In the immediate postoperative period, vision in RE was 5/60 with no further improvement. Diffuse examination showed dense central striate keratopathy. Direct focal slit-lamp examination showed stromal edema and elastic Descemet's membrane curled and detached from the underlying stroma [Figure 1]. AS-OCT was taken which showed Descemet's membrane detachment involving central cornea [Figure 2]. Pneumatic descemetopexy was planned. DM was reapposed with C3F8. One week after surgery, vision improved to 6/12 with PH 6/9, and central dense SK resolved. This emphasizes the importance of focal slit-lamp examination and AS-OCT in suspected cases of diffuse SK to rule out Descemet's membrane detachment at the earliest and prevent its complications.
Figure 1: (a) slit lamp diffuse examination showing central dense striate keratopathy (b) focal examination showing stromal edema and Descemetæs membrane detachment

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Figure 2: AS-OCT showing descemet's membrane detachment involving central cornea

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  Discussion Top


DMD must be suspected when unexpected corneal edema is noted on the day after surgery. In the presence of significant edema, it is not unusual for an underlying DM detachment to be missed unless specifically looked for.

Management protocols based on AS-OCT criteria have been proposed, including HELP algorithms by Kumar et al., Jacob et al., Sharma et al., which help in deciding the management.[1],[2],[3] If diagnosed and managed early, the success rates are 70%–75%, especially in uncomplicated DMD.[4] If not, it may lead to complete DMD, folding, and scaring of DM, or sometimes, DM may fail to reattach partially or completely.[5]

Never underestimate striate keratopathy as a usual postoperative complication. Dense SK gives a clue to the underlying DMD, and that should be diagnosed as early as possible and should be treated to prevent further deterioration of the vision. In our case, slit-lamp examination alone showed well-delineated DMD through dense SK involving the pupillary area which is documented rarely.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Kumar DA, Agarwal A, Sivanganam S, Chandrasekar R. Height-, extent-, length-, and pupil-based (HELP) algorithm to manage post-phacoemulsification Descemet membrane detachment. J Cataract Refract Surg 2015;41:1945–53.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Sharma N, Singhal D, Nair SP, Sahay P, Sreeshankar SS, Maharana PK. Corneal edema after phacoemulsification. Indian J Ophthalmol 2017;65:1381-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
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3.
Jacob S, Agarwal A, Chaudhry P, Narasimhan S, Chaudhry VN. A new clinico-tomographic classification and management algorithm for Descemet's membrane detachment. Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2015;38:327–33.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Odayappan A, Shivananda N, Ramakrishnan S, Krishnan T, Nachiappan S, Krishnamurthy S. A retrospective study on the incidence of post-cataract surgery Descemet's membrane detachment and outcome of air descemetopexy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2018;102:182-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Singhal D, Sahay P, Goel S, Asif MI, Maharana PK, Sharma N. Descemet membrane detachment. Surv Ophthalmol 2020;65:279-93.  Back to cited text no. 5
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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