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OPHTHALMIC IMAGE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 307

True exfoliation of the lens capsule - Floating membrane in the eye


Glaucoma Services, LV Prasad Eye Institute, MTC Campus, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Date of Web Publication07-Jan-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aparna Rao
Glaucoma Services, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Patia, Bhubaneswar - 751 024, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1614_21

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How to cite this article:
Rao A. True exfoliation of the lens capsule - Floating membrane in the eye. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022;2:307

How to cite this URL:
Rao A. True exfoliation of the lens capsule - Floating membrane in the eye. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jan 19];2:307. Available from: https://www.ijoreports.in/text.asp?2022/2/1/307/334894



True exfoliation or capsular delamination is a very rare disease characterized by splitting of the superficial layers from the deeper layers of the lens capsule.[1],[2],[3] Though the exact etiology is unclear, it is presumed to be caused by infrared radiation exposure as seen in glassblowers. Yet, a recent study has reported this entity in the general population, which may therefore be related to exposure to extreme heat in changed environmental conditions. We report the histopathological case of such a case in a housewife and discuss differentials with possible etiology in such cases.

A 54-year-old female presented with diminution of vision in both eyes for 5 months. Slit-lamp examination showed a smooth glistening membrane arising from the anterior lens capsule in the left eye, with undulating movements and phacodonesis [Figure 1]. The patient was a housewife using traditional cooking methods with wood/gas fire. Histopathological examination of the lens capsule during cataract surgery revealed lamellar split of the capsular layers [blue arrows, [Figure 1]b and vesicular degeneration in the underlying epithelial layer. True exfoliation membrane should be differentiated from capsular dehiscence[1],[2],[3] and may be found in housewives using gas fire.
Figure 1: (a) Slit-lamp photograph showing glistening translucent membrane (blue arrow) arising from the lens capsule floating in the anterior chamber within the eye. (b) Histopathological sections showing lamellar splitting of the anterior lens capsule (blue arrows) with thinned out epithelium

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Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Meades K, Versace P. True exfoliation of the lens capsule. Aust N Z J Ophthalmol 1992;20:347-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Teekhasaenee C, Suwan Y, Supakontanasan W, Tulvatana W, Ritch R. The clinical spectrum and a new theory of pathogenesis of true exfoliation syndrome. Ophthalmology 2016;123:2328-37.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Ng AL, Marcet MM, Lai JS, Yeung JC. Age-related true exfoliation of the lens capsule: Phacoemulsification surgery results. Case Rep Ophthalmol 2015;6:401-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    


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