|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 173
Duplication of iris stroma: A rare case of anterior segment dysgenesis
Department of Cataract, Glaucoma and Anterior Segment, Centre for Sight, New Delhi, India
|Date of Web Publication||01-Apr-2021|
Dr. Swati Singh
Centre for Sight, B-5/24, Safdarjung Enclave, New Delhi - 110 029
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Singh S. Duplication of iris stroma: A rare case of anterior segment dysgenesis. Indian J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021;1:173
A 30-year-old male with BCVA of 20/20 was diagnosed with an accessory layer of iris stroma in OU [Figure 1]a and [Figure 2]a and a Leucomatous corneal opacity (inferotemporal) in OS with iris strands adherent to underlying endothelium [Figure 2]b and [Figure 2]c. Intraocular pressures were normal and angles open with few pigment patches along Schwalbe's line [Figure 1]c and [Figure 2]c. There was no lenticular involvement and optic discs were healthy. AC depth and Pachymetry were 2.47 mm/564 microns (OD) and 2.24 mm/572 microns (OS). Stromal duplication was more evident on dilation [Figure 1]b and [Figure 2]b. Scheimpflug images [Figure 1]d and ASOCT [Figure 2]d confirmed stromal hyperplasia.
|Figure 1: Right eye. (a) Diffuse illumination, (b) Post dilation picture showing two distinct layers in iris stroma, (c) Gonioscopy inferior angle showing open angle and pigment on Schwalbe's line, (d) Scheimpflug image showing accessory iris tissue|
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|Figure 2: Left eye. (a) Diffuse illumination, (b) Post dilation,iris strands are seen reaching underneath the corneal opacity.(c) Gonioscopy shows iris strands inserting into posterior corneal surface inferotemporally, open angle and pigment on Schwalbe's line. (d) Central and mid-peripheral iris on ASOCT shows two distinct layers in iris|
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This unusual case of Anterior Segment Dysgenesis falls under the Iridocorneodysgenesis category with some features of Peters anomaly., There are very few reports of stromal hyperplasia.,, Such patients need to be closely monitored as they can develop glaucoma later in life.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2]